Laser cutter machines allow metal manufacturers to create high quality parts that require very little or no finishing at all. Because a laser cutter has high power, excess material is melted, burned or vaporized. A high-pressure gas jet also removes any debris, resulting in a precisely finished surface cut.
Two types of laser cutting machines are in use today are co2 laser cutter and YAG. The CO2 laser cutting machines were one of the first gas lasers cutting equipment, being the most common variety of laser cutting machine. They offer an excellent power input / output ratio that is very efficient. YAG lasers are in solid state and use a crystal as an application medium. They cut steel and other alloys in the metallurgical industry.
Laser cutting versus mechanical cutting
The models of laser cutting machines are distinct from traditional mechanical cutters. Since the laser never comes into physical contact with the metal, there is little or no wear on the equipment, with fewer opportunities for the material to be contaminated. The types of laser cutters also cut the metal more accurately than the mechanical cutters. As they are very accurate machines, they often request recurring maintenance to keep them working at their top capacity.
In mechanical cutting, there is usually a large area affected by heat that can cause deformation of the material. Thanks to the laser cutter, the area affected by heat is small, thus reducing the possibility of deformation of the material. While laser cutting offers numerous advantages, it also consumes a very high level of energy. Having the fiber laser cutting machine always in good shape will cost you less.
Benefits of Laser Cutting Machine
Laser cutting machines offer a substantial number of benefits to consider when selecting a cutting device. In addition to its advantages over conventional mechanical cutting, laser cutting is a quick and simple process. Safety is also important and as a result, most laser machines are fully enclosed to prevent accidents.
Laser cutting machines are equipped with touch-screen computer screens where workers can make project changes in the form of prototypes. Learn more.
Laser Cutting Machine Considerations
Although they are exceptional for cutting steel and other heavy metals, laser cutting machines often do not work well on highly reflective metals such as copper and aluminum. Since these metals reflect laser light very easily and also absorb heat, high-power beams are needed for cutting.
When drilling, laser cutting machines create slightly tapered holes, due to the fact that the surface of the hole is slightly larger in diameter than the deepest part. As laser cutting melts the material in the path of the beam, the metal can harden in the punch, especially in thermally treated materials. Although it may be beneficial in some applications, this issue can be detrimental to those who require additional work, such as threading. Therefore, this type of machine should receive constant care and not be used with metals that can damage its beam system.